# Discover the Fun of Thermodynamics with Propane Leak Problem!

## How can we calculate the mass of propane leaving the tank and the heat transfer during the process?

(a) Find the mass of propane leaving the tank, in kg.

(b) Calculate the heat transfer during the process, in kJ.

## Answer:

(a) The mass of propane leaving the tank can be calculated by subtracting the initial mass from the final mass, considering the change in volume and specific volume of the phases involved.

(b) For the heat transfer during the process, it is expected to be minimal or close to zero as the system behaves in an adiabatic manner with no significant change in kinetic or potential energy.

Have you ever wondered about the mass and energy conservation principles in a phase change process involving propane? Well, let's dive into the interesting world of thermodynamics with this propane leak problem!

In this scenario, we start with a rigid tank containing a saturated liquid-vapor mixture of propane with a 50% quality at 20°C (State 1). Due to a leak, the tank slowly releases saturated propane vapor until only saturated propane vapor at 20°C remains in the tank (State 2), at which point the leak is sealed.

(a) To find the mass of propane leaving the tank, we need to calculate the difference between the initial and final masses. This involves considering the change in volume and specific volume of the phases to determine the mass leaked.

(b) As for the heat transfer during the process, the nearly adiabatic behavior of the system implies that there is minimal heat transfer. The decrease in saturation temperature of the remaining mixture leads to more vaporization without significant interaction with the surroundings. Additionally, the rigid nature of the tank indicates no work is done, and there is no significant change in kinetic or potential energy.

So, the process is essentially closed and occurs in an adiabatic manner, where the heat transfer is expected to be close to zero. This showcases the fascinating application of thermodynamic principles in understanding and analyzing real-world scenarios like the propane leak problem.